Asian stocks fall to two-year low, euro nears par with dollar on growth fears
HONG KONG — Global equities faltered, oil fell and the euro inched closer to parity with the safe haven dollar on Tuesday as the prospect of further tightening by central banks, renewed COVID outbreaks in China and Europe’s energy shortages spooked investors.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 1.3% to its lowest level in two years, while Japan’s Nikkei lost 2%.
Futures also pointed to a week open in the U.S. and Europe, as U.S. S&P 500 e-minis, lost 0.6%, Nasdaq futures fell 0.7%, pan-region Euro Stoxx 50 futures shed 0.8% and FTSE futures slipped 0.44%.
The euro fell as low as $1.0005 against the U.S. dollar, moving ever closer to parity for the first time since December 2002, as investors worry an energy crisis will tip the region into a recession.
“Risk-off sentiment is dominating global markets,” said Yuting Shao, macro strategist at State Street Global Markets.
“The dollar is the go-to international reserve currency. So when there is a recessionary risk or there’s pickup of volatility, the greenback is the currency that people rush to because that is the safest,” Shao added.
The dollar index, which tracks the currency against a basked of six peers rose to 108.44, the highest since October 2002.
The focus for this week will be macro data including U.S. consumer inflation on Wednesday, and comments from Federal Reserve Officials as investors look for clues on the outcome of the Fed’s upcoming policy meeting before officials enter the pre-meet blackout period.
A high inflation reading would add pressure for the Fed to step up its already aggressive pace of interest rate increases.
Also high on investors’ list of worries is the fact that a growing number of Chinese cities, including the commercial hub Shanghai, are adopting fresh COVID-19 curbs starting from this week to rein in new infections after finding a highly-transmissible Omicron subvariant.
By early afternoon, Hong Kong’s benchmark Hang Seng Index fell 1.21% to its lowest since June 17, while the mainland China blue chip CSI300 lost 1.3%.
Additionally, the surging cost of energy in Europe is a major fear as the biggest single pipeline carrying Russian natural gas to Germany entered annual maintenance, with flows expected to stop for 10 days.
Investors are worried the shutdown might be extended because of the war in Ukraine, restricting European gas supply further and tipping the struggling eurozone economy into recession.
The yield on benchmark 10-year Treasury notes was at 2.9595%, having dropped back below 3% overnight as investors bought safe haven Treasuries amid a sell-off on Wall Street.
Growth fears were also weighing on oil, despite concerns about the tight supply.
Brent crude futures fell $1.35, or 1.3%, to $105.75 a barrel, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude was at $102.64 a barrel, down $1.45, or 1.4%.
Gold was slightly lower. Spot gold was traded at $1728.98 per ounce.