China’s export growth gains steam despite weakening global demand
BEIJING — China’s export growth unexpectedly picked up speed in July, offering an encouraging boost to the economy as its struggles to recover from a sharp, COVID-induced slump, though imports remained sluggish.
Outbound shipments grew 18.0% in July from a year earlier, the fastest pace this year, official customs data showed on Sunday, compared with a 17.9% rise in June and beating analysts’ expectations for a 15.0% gain.
Analysts had expected exports to fade amid growing signs of cooling global consumption.
A global factory survey released last week showed demand weakened in July, with orders and output indexes falling to their weakest levels since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020.
China’s official manufacturing survey indicated activity contracted last month, raising fears that the economy’s recovery from widespread lockdowns in spring will be slower and bumpier than expected.
But there were signs that transport and supply chain disruptions caused by the lockdowns were continuing to ease, just in time for shippers preparing for peak year-end shopping demand.
Foreign trade container throughput at eight major Chinese ports rose 14.5% in July, speeding up from the 8.4% gain in June, according to data released by the domestic port association.
Container throughput at COVID-hit Shanghai port hit a record high in July.
IMPORTS STILL TEPID
Import growth was weaker than expected, however, suggesting China’s domestic consumption remains soft.
Imports rose 2.3% from a year earlier, compared with June’s 1% gain and missing a forecast of a 3.7% rise.
Analysts have expected import momentum to pick up modestly in the second half of the year, supported by construction-related equipment and commodities as the government ramps up infrastructure spending.
China posted a record $101.26 billion trade surplus last month as a result of the low reading on imports but solid export growth. Analysts had forecast a $90.0 billion trade surplus.
The country’s top economic planner said last week that the economy is in the “critical window” of stabilization and recovery, and the third quarter is “vital.”
Top leaders recently signaled they were prepared to miss the government growth target of around 5.5% for 2022, which analysts said had been looking increasingly unattainable after the economy narrowly avoided contracting in the second quarter.
The International Monetary Fund in late July sharply cut its 2022 growth forecast for China to 3.3% from 4.4% in April, citing COVID lockdowns and the worsening crisis in the country’s property sector. (Reporting by Ellen Zhang and Ryan Woo; Editing by Kim Coghill)
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