French overseas minister urges Iran: Accept nuclear deal


UNITED NATIONS — France’s overseas minister on Monday urged Iran to take the final provide on the desk to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, saying the window of alternative “is about to close.” A high-ranking European Union official mentioned he didn’t count on any progress on the problem this week on the annual gathering of world leaders.

Both officers mentioned issues appeared promising final month, till an Iranian response. French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna mentioned Iran raised points linked to its obligations below the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, thought of the cornerstone of nuclear disarmament.

She gave no particulars. But below the treaty’s provisions, the 5 unique nuclear powers — the United States, China, Russia (then the Soviet Union), Britain and France — agreed to barter towards eliminating their arsenals someday. Nations with out nuclear weapons promised to not purchase them in trade for a assure to have the ability to develop nuclear vitality for peaceable functions.

In 2018, then-President Donald Trump pulled the United States out of Iran’s nuclear take care of these 5 nuclear powers and Germany. The settlement positioned curbs on Iran’s nuclear program in trade for billions of {dollars} in sanctions reduction, which Tehran insists it has by no means acquired.

The U.S. withdrawal raised tensions throughout the broader Middle East and elicited a sequence of assaults and incidents. Current U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration has been working to resume the settlement.

All the events besides Iran have pressured “that there will be no better offer on the table for Iran, and that the onus is really on Iran to make its decision,” Colonna mentioned at a news convention on the sidelines of this week’s gathering of world leaders on the U.N. General Assembly.

She and different European overseas ministers met later Monday. After rising from the assembly, EU overseas coverage chief Josep Borrell mentioned there have been no new developments on Iran. And he mentioned he anticipated “nothing will happen this week.”

“There’s a proposal on the table, and this proposal will remain on the table,” he mentioned at a news convention. “I don’t see a better solution than the one that we have proposed.”

In an interview aired Sunday on CBS-TV’s “60 Minutes,” Iranian President President Ebrahim Raisi demanded ensures that the U.S. wouldn’t withdraw once more from a nuclear deal. As Raisi left Tehran for the General Assembly assembly, he said his delegation had “no plans whatsoever” to satisfy or negotiate with U.S. leaders.

On one other nuclear concern, Colonna mentioned France will convene a gathering Wednesday with U.N. nuclear chief Rafael Grossi on the precarious state of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy plant in southeastern Ukraine. The plant, Europe’s largest, is occupied by Russia however nonetheless operated by Ukraine.

There has been shelling in and across the facility; Russia and Ukraine have traded accusations of blame for the strikes.

Colonna mentioned she spoke to Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on Monday morning in regards to the want for Ukraine, Russia, and all international locations on the earth “to avoid a nuclear catastrophe.”

She mentioned Lavrov appeared to be “open to listening to some detailed proposal” by Grossi, who has referred to as for a “nuclear safety and security protection zone” across the Zaporizhzhia plant.

Colonna accused Russia of attacking the foundations of the United Nations by waging its unjustified battle towards Ukraine “in a very brutal way” with shelling of civilian targets, violent acts, “rapes, torture and forced liquidation.”

“All of these are war crimes,” she mentioned.

The French minister mentioned Russia is crossing three thresholds within the battle: the authorized threshold by violating U.N. Charter guidelines that decision for peaceable settlement of disputes amongst states; the ethical threshold “by the extent of the crimes committed in Ukraine”; and the political threshold by destabilizing international meals and vitality safety.

Russia has mentioned it launched its “special military operation” for the sake of Ukrainians, lots of them Russian audio system, who Moscow mentioned have been being oppressed by their authorities. Putin declared that it was aimed on the “demilitarization” of Ukraine to take away a perceived army menace to Russia by “neo-Nazis” — rhetoric condemned by Ukraine and the West as a fictitious cowl for an act of aggression.

Colonna additionally referred to as on China to cease its “very aggressive” conduct towards Taiwan. She pressured that “the status quo must not be questioned by China and not by using means that are not peaceful.” Her feedback adopted an announcement from Biden, broadcast Sunday on “60 Minutes,” that American forces would defend Taiwan if Beijing tries to invade.

China’s authorities on Monday denounced the U.S. president’s remarks, saying they violate a U.S. dedication to not assist formal independence for Taiwan, a step Beijing has mentioned would result in battle. Biden’s remark added to shows of official American assist for the island democracy within the face of rising exhibits of drive by the mainland’s ruling Communist Party, which claims Taiwan as a part of its territory.

Associated Press author Jennifer Peltz contributed. Edith M. Lederer is chief U.N. correspondent for The Associated Press and has been masking worldwide affairs for greater than half a century. For extra AP protection of the U.N. General Assembly, go to https://apnews.com/hub/united-nations-general-assembly.



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